Intercalation-induced dimensional changes of composite battery electrodes containing either a stiff or a soft polymeric binder is one of the many factors determining the cycling performance and ageing. Herein, we report dimensional changes in bulk composite electrodes by in situ electrochemical dilatometry (eD) combined with electrochemical quartz-crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (EQCM-D). The latter tracks the mechanical properties on the level of the electrode particle size. Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4, LFP) electrodes with a stiff binder (PVdF) and a soft binder (NaCMC) were investigated by cycling in lithium sulfate (Li2SO4) aqueous solution. The electrochemical and mechanical electrode performances depend on the electrode cycling history. Based on combined eD and EQCM-D measurements we provide evidence which properties are preferred for a binder used for a composite Li-ion battery electrode.
Journal of Power Sources – Elsevier
Published: Dec 15, 2017
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