A composite coating of WC/Hadfield steel was fabricated through centrifugal casting process to improve the impact wear resistance of Hadfield steel under the conditions of low or medium impact energy. The interfacial structure between WC ceramic particle and the steel matrix was analyzed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The impact wear tests at different impact energy were carried out on a MLD-10 type impact wear rig to investigate the wear-resistant properties of three kinds of composites with different WC particle sizes. For comparison, the wear tests of Hadfield steel were also carried out under the same conditions. The results show that WC particles are partially dissolved in the steel during centrifugal casting. The elements W, C and Fe in steel react to form new carbides such as Fe 3 W 3 C or M 23 C 6 , which precipitate around former WC particles forming fine particles during subsequent solidification. So the interface between WC particles and Hadfield steel matrix is a strong metallurgical bonding. The composite reinforced with smaller WC particles has better impact wear resistance than that of Hadfield steel regardless of impact energy level. Whereas, the composite reinforced with larger WC particles has better impact wear resistance property than that of Hadfield steel when the impact energy is small but an opposite result is gained when the impact energy is higher. So, it is very essential to choose suitable size of WC particles as reinforcement in Hadfield steel to make the composite material more durable in the service conditions.
Wear – Elsevier
Published: Apr 7, 2006
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