In this study we have determined the ability of IGF-1 to protect cardiac fibroblasts against osmotic-induced apoptosis and investigated the potential mechanism(s) underlying this protection. Treatment with IGF-1 (1–100 ng/ml) promoted a dose dependent increase in cell survival against osmotic cell death. Both Akt and ERK1/2 were rapidly phosphorylated by IGF-1 and blocked by wortmannin and PD98059, inhibitors of their upstream activators respectively. However, IGF-1-induced protection was mediated via a wortmannin-dependent but PD98059-independent pathway as determined by cell survival assay suggesting a role of PI3-K/Akt. Furthermore, IGF-1 appeared to reduce the activation of a number of early components in the apoptotic pathway in a wortmannin dependent manner including the osmotic stress-induced perturbation in mitochondrial membrane potential, cleavage and activation of caspase-3 and DNA fragmentation. Thus, the results suggest that IGF-1 regulates osmotic stress-induced apoptosis via the activation of the PI3-K/Akt pathway at a point upstream of the mitochondria and caspase-3.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Jun 24, 2000
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