International Journal of Drug Policy 52 (2018) 52–55 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect International Journal of Drug Policy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locat e/drugpo Short Report Identifying gaps in the implementation of naloxone programs for laypersons in the United States a,b,c, a d a Barrot H. Lambdin , Jon Zibbell , Eliza Wheeler , Alex H. Kral RTI-International, San Francisco, CA, United States University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States Harm Reduction Coalition, Oakland, CA, United States Background Methods The opioid epidemic in the United States (US) continues to Study population generate signiﬁcant increases in morbidity and mortality with no sign of decline. In 2014, the drug overdose mortality rate was 14.7 Our study population includes all 3142 counties in the 50 per 100,000 (Rudd, Aleshire, Zibbell, & Gladden, 2016), and the United States and District of Columbia in 2014. age-adjusted opioid overdose mortality rate rose nearly 200% from 2000 to 2014 (Rudd, Aleshire et al., 2016). Opioid-involved Data sources overdose deaths increased another 16% from 2014 to 2015, fueled by an increase in deaths involving heroin and illicitly-made We combined two different data sources: (a) drug overdose fentanyl (Rudd, Seth,
International Journal of Drug Policy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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