1 Introduction</h5> According to UNEP, the building sector is responsible for more than one third of all global greenhouse gases (GHG) and for 40% of the world's material flows ( UNEP, 2009 ). Most of this relates to the use of fossil fuels for energy consumption during the service life of buildings. The residential sector accounts for 27% of the final energy consumption in the EU-27 countries ( European Commission, 2012 ). One typical measure employed to impede these environmental impact involves reducing the operational energy need in buildings. Focussing on energy consumption as a sole environmental indicator, however, provides insufficient insight into the environmental performance of buildings. For example, replacing a gas furnace with a heat pump that operates on nuclear electricity can shift environmental burdens from the depletion of fossil fuels and GHG emissions to the creation of radioactive waste and the depletion of uranium ( Blom et al., 2011 ). It is necessary to consider various types of environmental impact when investigating energy-efficient building solutions.</P>As energy-saving measures require additional financial investments, these are often unattractive to end-users and building developers in the short term. In some cases, however, the additional financial investments can be compensated
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: Oct 15, 2013
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera