Identification of an oxime-containing C-glucosylarene as a potential inhibitor of sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter 2

Identification of an oxime-containing C-glucosylarene as a potential inhibitor of... Treatment of hyperglycemia with drugs that block renal glucose reabsorption via inhibition of sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is a novel approach to diabetes management. In this study, twenty-seven aryl C-glycosides bearing a C=N/C−N linkage at the glucosyl C6 position were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against human SGLT2 (hSGLT2). Compounds with good hSGLT2 inhibition were further investigated to determine their selectivity over hSGLT1. Of these, five representative aryl C-glycosides were chosen for pharmacokinetic analysis. Oxime 2a was determined to have the most promising pharmacokinetic properties and was selected for in vivo glucosuria and plasma glucose level studies, which found it to exhibit comparable efficacy to dapagliflozin (1). Furthermore, 2a was not found to exhibit either significant cytotoxicity (CC50 > 50 μM) or human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG) inhibition (2% inhibition at 10 μM). Taken together, these efforts culminated in the discovery of oxime 2a as a potential SGLT2 inhibitor. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Elsevier

Identification of an oxime-containing C-glucosylarene as a potential inhibitor of sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter 2

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS
ISSN
0223-5234
eISSN
1768-3254
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.11.019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Treatment of hyperglycemia with drugs that block renal glucose reabsorption via inhibition of sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is a novel approach to diabetes management. In this study, twenty-seven aryl C-glycosides bearing a C=N/C−N linkage at the glucosyl C6 position were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against human SGLT2 (hSGLT2). Compounds with good hSGLT2 inhibition were further investigated to determine their selectivity over hSGLT1. Of these, five representative aryl C-glycosides were chosen for pharmacokinetic analysis. Oxime 2a was determined to have the most promising pharmacokinetic properties and was selected for in vivo glucosuria and plasma glucose level studies, which found it to exhibit comparable efficacy to dapagliflozin (1). Furthermore, 2a was not found to exhibit either significant cytotoxicity (CC50 > 50 μM) or human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG) inhibition (2% inhibition at 10 μM). Taken together, these efforts culminated in the discovery of oxime 2a as a potential SGLT2 inhibitor.

Journal

European Journal of Medicinal ChemistryElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

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