The C-terminal bioactive regions of CCK-8 and CCK-58 are identical (DY*MGWMDF-NH 2 , Y* denotes a sulfated tyrosine residue), but these peptides have different patterns of bioactivity. Specifically, CCK-58 binds more avidly to the CCK A receptor while CCK-8 is more potent for stimulation of amylase secretion from pancreatic acini. We postulate that these seemingly contradictory observations reflect a stable conformational change in CCK-58 that enhances binding, but diminishes activation of second messenger. We used CD and NMR spectra to evaluate postulated structural differences between CCK-8 and the carboxy-terminus of synthetic CCK-58. The CD spectra indicate the presence of turns in CCK-8 but a mixture of helical and random coil structures for CCK-58. Comparisons of partial NMR chemical shift assignments of CCK-58 and full assignments for CCK-8 also indicate differences in the backbone conformations for these residues. The data support the hypothesis that these peptides have different, stable, carboxy-terminal structures that may influence bioactivity.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Dec 20, 1999
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