Dolichol phosphate is a lipid carrier embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane essential for the synthesis of N-glycans, GPI-anchors and protein C- and O-mannosylation. The availability of dolichol phosphate on the cytosolic site of the ER is rate-limiting for N-glycosylation. The abundance of dolichol phosphate is influenced by its de novo synthesis and the recycling of dolichol phosphate from the luminal leaflet to the cytosolic leaflet of the ER. Enzymatic defects affecting the de novo synthesis and the recycling of dolichol phosphate result in glycosylation defects in yeast or cell culture models, and are expected to cause glycosylation disorders in humans termed congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). Currently only one disorder affecting the dolichol phosphate metabolism has been described. In CDG-Im, the final step of the de novo synthesis of dolichol phosphate catalyzed by the enzyme dolichol kinase is affected. The defect causes a severe phenotype with death in early infancy. The present review summarizes the biosynthesis of dolichol-phosphate and the recycling pathway with respect to possible defects of the dolichol phosphate metabolism causing glycosylation defects in humans.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2009
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