Bioresource Technology 212 (2016) 236–244 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Bioresource Technology journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/biortech a,⇑ a b a a Hanne Wikberg , Taina Ohra-aho , Mari Honkanen , Heimo Kanerva , Ali Harlin , b a Minnamari Vippola , Christiane Laine VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT, Finland Department of Materials Science, Tampere University of Technology, P.O. Box 589, 33101 Tampere, Finland highlights graphical a bstract Different types of carbonaceous particles were produced in HTC. Impure carbohydrate containing pulp mill streams have potential for HTC. Kraft lignin was processed in HTC in alkaline conditions with high yields. 10 20 30 retention Analytical pyrolysis was applied HTC time successfully to study biomass LIGNIN CELLULOSE conversion. HEMICELLULOSES 10 20 30 retention time ar ti c l e i nf o ab stra ct Article history: The progress of the conversion, the yield, the structure and the morphology of the produced carbona- Received 9 March 2016 ceous materials as a function of time were systematically studied with pyrolysis-GC/FID and FESEM Received in revised form 12 April 2016 microscope. The conversion of galactoglucomannan, bleached kraft pulp and TEMPO oxidized cellulose Accepted 14 April 2016 nanoﬁbrils followed
Bioresource Technology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2016
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