The contribution of microglial activation to oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) damage in the brain is considered to be a principal pathophysiological feature of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX)-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in microglia has been shown to be significantly toxic to OPCs. The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 is selectively expressed in microglia and is essential for NOX-dependent ROS production in the central nervous system. This study aimed to investigate the effects of microglial Hv1 deficiency on the protection of OPCs from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced injury in vitro. In the present study, the levels of OGD-induced ROS and pro-inflammatory cytokine production were dramatically lower in Hv1-deficient microglia (Hv1−/−) than in wild-type (WT) microglia. Following OGD, OPCs co-cultured with WT microglia had increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation and maturation, while those co-cultured with Hv1−/− microglia had attenuated apoptosis and greater proliferation and differentiation. Furthermore, the attenuated damage and enhanced regeneration of OPCs were associated with decreases in extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation. These results indicate that the protective effects of Hv1 deficiency on OPCs are due to the suppression of ROS and pro-inflammatory cytokine production in microglia. We thus suggest that the microglial proton channel Hv1 may be a potential therapeutic target in PVL.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Mar 25, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera