The contribution of microglial activation to oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) damage in the brain is considered to be a principal pathophysiological feature of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX)-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in microglia has been shown to be significantly toxic to OPCs. The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 is selectively expressed in microglia and is essential for NOX-dependent ROS production in the central nervous system. This study aimed to investigate the effects of microglial Hv1 deficiency on the protection of OPCs from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced injury in vitro. In the present study, the levels of OGD-induced ROS and pro-inflammatory cytokine production were dramatically lower in Hv1-deficient microglia (Hv1−/−) than in wild-type (WT) microglia. Following OGD, OPCs co-cultured with WT microglia had increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation and maturation, while those co-cultured with Hv1−/− microglia had attenuated apoptosis and greater proliferation and differentiation. Furthermore, the attenuated damage and enhanced regeneration of OPCs were associated with decreases in extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation. These results indicate that the protective effects of Hv1 deficiency on OPCs are due to the suppression of ROS and pro-inflammatory cytokine production in microglia. We thus suggest that the microglial proton channel Hv1 may be a potential therapeutic target in PVL.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Mar 25, 2018
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