Hoberman-sphere-inspired lattice metamaterials with tunable negative thermal expansion

Hoberman-sphere-inspired lattice metamaterials with tunable negative thermal expansion Materials with engineered thermal expansion coefficients, capable of avoiding failure or irreversible destruction of structures and devices, are important for aerospace, civil, biomedical, optics, and semiconductor applications. In natural materials, thermal expansion usually cannot be adjusted easily and a negative thermal expansion coefficient is still uncommon. Here we propose a novel architected lattice bi-material system, inspired by the Hoberman sphere, showing a wide range of tunable thermal expansion coefficient from negative to positive, −1.04 × 10−3 °C−1 to 1.0 × 10−5 °C−1. Numerical simulations and analytical formulations are implemented to quantify the evolution of the thermal expansion coefficients and reveal the underlying mechanisms responsible for this unusual behavior. We show that the thermal expansion coefficient of the proposed metamaterials depends on the thermal expansion coefficient ratio and the axial stiffness ratio of the constituent materials, as well as the bending stiffness and the topological arrangement of the constitutive elements. The finding reported here provides a new routine to design architected metamaterial systems with tunable negative thermal expansion for a wide range of potential applications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Composite Structures Elsevier

Hoberman-sphere-inspired lattice metamaterials with tunable negative thermal expansion

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0263-8223
eISSN
1879-1085
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.01.108
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Materials with engineered thermal expansion coefficients, capable of avoiding failure or irreversible destruction of structures and devices, are important for aerospace, civil, biomedical, optics, and semiconductor applications. In natural materials, thermal expansion usually cannot be adjusted easily and a negative thermal expansion coefficient is still uncommon. Here we propose a novel architected lattice bi-material system, inspired by the Hoberman sphere, showing a wide range of tunable thermal expansion coefficient from negative to positive, −1.04 × 10−3 °C−1 to 1.0 × 10−5 °C−1. Numerical simulations and analytical formulations are implemented to quantify the evolution of the thermal expansion coefficients and reveal the underlying mechanisms responsible for this unusual behavior. We show that the thermal expansion coefficient of the proposed metamaterials depends on the thermal expansion coefficient ratio and the axial stiffness ratio of the constituent materials, as well as the bending stiffness and the topological arrangement of the constitutive elements. The finding reported here provides a new routine to design architected metamaterial systems with tunable negative thermal expansion for a wide range of potential applications.

Journal

Composite StructuresElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

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