High-resolution photoluminescence spectroscopy of Sn-doped ZnO single crystals

High-resolution photoluminescence spectroscopy of Sn-doped ZnO single crystals Group IV donors in ZnO are poorly understood, despite evidence that they are effective n-type dopants. Here we present high-resolution photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy studies of unintentionally doped and Sn-doped ZnO single crystals grown by the chemical vapor transport method. Doped samples showed greatly increased emission from the I10 bound exciton transition that was recently proven to be related to the incorporation of Sn impurities based on radio-isotope studies. The PL linewidths are exceptionally sharp for these samples, enabling a clear identification of several donor species. Temperature-dependent PL measurements of the I10 line emission energy and intensity dependence reveal a behavior that is similar to other shallow donors in ZnO. Ionized donor bound-exciton and two-electron satellite transitions of the I10 transition are unambiguously identified and yield a donor binding energy of 71meV. In contrast to recent reports of Ge-related donors in ZnO, the spectroscopic binding energy for the Sn-related donor bound exciton follows a linear relationship with donor binding energy (Haynes rule) similar to recently observed carbon related donors, and confirming the shallow nature of this defect center, which was recently attributed to a SnZn double donor compensated by an unknown single acceptor. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Luminescence Elsevier

High-resolution photoluminescence spectroscopy of Sn-doped ZnO single crystals

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0022-2313
eISSN
1872-7883
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jlumin.2016.01.028
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Group IV donors in ZnO are poorly understood, despite evidence that they are effective n-type dopants. Here we present high-resolution photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy studies of unintentionally doped and Sn-doped ZnO single crystals grown by the chemical vapor transport method. Doped samples showed greatly increased emission from the I10 bound exciton transition that was recently proven to be related to the incorporation of Sn impurities based on radio-isotope studies. The PL linewidths are exceptionally sharp for these samples, enabling a clear identification of several donor species. Temperature-dependent PL measurements of the I10 line emission energy and intensity dependence reveal a behavior that is similar to other shallow donors in ZnO. Ionized donor bound-exciton and two-electron satellite transitions of the I10 transition are unambiguously identified and yield a donor binding energy of 71meV. In contrast to recent reports of Ge-related donors in ZnO, the spectroscopic binding energy for the Sn-related donor bound exciton follows a linear relationship with donor binding energy (Haynes rule) similar to recently observed carbon related donors, and confirming the shallow nature of this defect center, which was recently attributed to a SnZn double donor compensated by an unknown single acceptor.

Journal

Journal of LuminescenceElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2016

References

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