1 Introduction</h5> In 1993 Bennett, Brassard, Crépeau, Jozsa, Peres and Wootters  proposed a scheme for quantum teleportation using Bell states. This scheme drew considerable attention of the quantum communication community as the teleportation has no classical analog. Since the pioneering work of Bennett et al. a large number of teleportation schemes and their applications have been reported [1–14] . These teleportation schemes can be primarily classified into two broad classes: (a) perfect teleportation schemes [1,2] and (b) probabilistic teleportation schemes [3–6] . By perfect teleportation we mean that the success rate of teleportation is unity. This requires a maximally entangled quantum channel. However, teleportation with unit fidelity is possible even when the quantum channel is non-maximally entangled. In that case the success rate of the receiver is not unity and the teleportation scheme is referred to as a probabilistic teleportation scheme. Furthermore, teleportation schemes are not limited to two-party teleportation (i.e., teleportation between Alice and Bob). Many schemes of multi-party quantum teleportation have been also proposed in the last two decades ( [2,7] and references therein). Such multi-party teleportation schemes have led to a set of interesting applications. Probably the most interesting and most fundamental multi-party quantum
Physics Letters A – Elsevier
Published: Aug 15, 2013
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