Terminal ballistic performance of high-strength projectiles penetrating into metallic targets is mostly concerned by both weapon and armor designers. Most existing works are concentrated on the rigid-eroding penetration regime, and limited studies have addressed the rigid-deforming-eroding penetration regime. In this paper, nineteen shots of hemispherical nosed D6A steel projectiles penetration test on 5A06-H112 aluminum targets is conducted with a wide range of velocities (696m/s–1870m/s). The non-monotonic dependence of depth of penetration (DOP) on the impact velocity is observed, which successively corresponds to the three penetration stages, i.e., rigid projectile penetration, deforming projectile penetration without eroding and eroding projectile penetration. Then, for the non-monotonic rigid-deforming-eroding projectile penetration regime, the applicability of the existing six classical theoretical models for both rigid and eroding projectile penetrations is evaluated. Furthermore, the transition velocities (the upper limit of rigid penetration and the lower limit of eroding penetration) are discussed and an empirical judgement criterion for the occurrence of non-monotonic dependence is proposed. Finally, by conducting the dynamic compression test, quasi-static tension test under varying temperature, etc., the Johnson-Cook model parameters for the present target and projectile are calibrated and validated by numerically simulating the present test.
Materials & design – Elsevier
Published: Nov 5, 2017
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