Group Decision Making with Responses of a Quantitative Nature: The Theory of Social Decision Schemes for Quantities

Group Decision Making with Responses of a Quantitative Nature: The Theory of Social Decision... Group decisions involving responses of a quantitative nature occur frequently in organizations. Although extensive research has considered group decisions involving discrete responses, only recently have responses involving quantities received comparable attention. It is proposed that the group decision processes related to quantities involve compromise and are characteristically different from the consensus processes that occur for discrete choices. The theory of social decision schemes (Davis, 1973) as originally formulated is intractable for quantitative responses because they involve a large number of response alternatives. This paper extends and adapts the theory of social decision schemes to apply it to group decisions of a quantitative nature. The decision schemes considered in modeling group decisions for quantitative responses also differ from those of discrete responses. The classes of decision schemes considered include central tendency, consensus-based, faction-attraction, coalition, distance-influence, dictator, special cases, and other. Unique approaches for evaluating the adequacy of these decision schemes for quantities are considered. An illustration of the theory of social decision schemes for quantities is presented with data from research on group goal decisions (Hinsz, 1991). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes Elsevier

Group Decision Making with Responses of a Quantitative Nature: The Theory of Social Decision Schemes for Quantities

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 Academic Press
ISSN
0749-5978
DOI
10.1006/obhd.1999.2853
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Group decisions involving responses of a quantitative nature occur frequently in organizations. Although extensive research has considered group decisions involving discrete responses, only recently have responses involving quantities received comparable attention. It is proposed that the group decision processes related to quantities involve compromise and are characteristically different from the consensus processes that occur for discrete choices. The theory of social decision schemes (Davis, 1973) as originally formulated is intractable for quantitative responses because they involve a large number of response alternatives. This paper extends and adapts the theory of social decision schemes to apply it to group decisions of a quantitative nature. The decision schemes considered in modeling group decisions for quantitative responses also differ from those of discrete responses. The classes of decision schemes considered include central tendency, consensus-based, faction-attraction, coalition, distance-influence, dictator, special cases, and other. Unique approaches for evaluating the adequacy of these decision schemes for quantities are considered. An illustration of the theory of social decision schemes for quantities is presented with data from research on group goal decisions (Hinsz, 1991).

Journal

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision ProcessesElsevier

Published: Oct 1, 1999

References

  • Individual versus group goal decision making: Social comparison in goals for individual task performance
    Hinsz, V.B.
  • Social influences on the goal choices of group members
    Hinsz, V.B.
  • Goal setting by groups performing an additive task: A comparison with individual goal setting
    Hinsz, V.B.
  • Group and individual decision making for task performance goals: Processes in the establishment of goals in groups
    Hinsz, V.B.
  • Assimilation to anchors for damage awards in a mock civil trial
    Hinsz, V.B.; Indahl, K.E.
  • Industrial social psychology
    Vroom, V.H.
  • Group goals and group performance
    Weldon, E.; Weingart, L.R.

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