Glycemic and Insulinemic Responses Are Affected by Age of Horse and Method of Feed Processing

Glycemic and Insulinemic Responses Are Affected by Age of Horse and Method of Feed Processing The objective of this study was to examine age-related differences in glycemic and insulinemic responses of horses that were fed various feedstuffs, with particular attention to method of feed processing. A 16 × 16 Latin square design was used with eight 2-year-olds and eight mature Arabians. Horses were maintained on a roughage diet and were subjected to a glycemic response test once weekly. A control treatment consisted of an oral dextrose drench (0.25 g dextrose/kg of BW). Ten treatments consisted of variously processed feed ingredients fed at the rate of 1.5 g/kg of BW. Five other treatments were commercial feeds of a proprietary nature and are not reported. Fasting blood samples were taken once a week for 16 weeks. Thirty minutes later, another baseline sample was taken and horses were administered their respective treatment. Further blood samples were taken every 30 minutes through four hours. Samples were analyzed for glucose and insulin concentrations. Differences in glucose response between 2-year-olds and mature horses were minimal. However, mature horses had a higher insulin response ( P < .01) suggesting young horses had greater insulin sensitivity. Additionally, differences ( P < .05) existed between treatments with pelleted steam-processed corn having the highest glycemic response and cracked corn the lowest. Results from this study confirm that mature horses have reduced insulin sensitivity and that both glycemic and insulinemic responses are altered with feed processing techniques. Thermal processing produces the greatest response; however, a low glycemic response may not be desirable if starch escapes into the hindgut. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Equine Veterinary Science Elsevier

Glycemic and Insulinemic Responses Are Affected by Age of Horse and Method of Feed Processing

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0737-0806
eISSN
1542-7412
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jevs.2010.03.008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine age-related differences in glycemic and insulinemic responses of horses that were fed various feedstuffs, with particular attention to method of feed processing. A 16 × 16 Latin square design was used with eight 2-year-olds and eight mature Arabians. Horses were maintained on a roughage diet and were subjected to a glycemic response test once weekly. A control treatment consisted of an oral dextrose drench (0.25 g dextrose/kg of BW). Ten treatments consisted of variously processed feed ingredients fed at the rate of 1.5 g/kg of BW. Five other treatments were commercial feeds of a proprietary nature and are not reported. Fasting blood samples were taken once a week for 16 weeks. Thirty minutes later, another baseline sample was taken and horses were administered their respective treatment. Further blood samples were taken every 30 minutes through four hours. Samples were analyzed for glucose and insulin concentrations. Differences in glucose response between 2-year-olds and mature horses were minimal. However, mature horses had a higher insulin response ( P < .01) suggesting young horses had greater insulin sensitivity. Additionally, differences ( P < .05) existed between treatments with pelleted steam-processed corn having the highest glycemic response and cracked corn the lowest. Results from this study confirm that mature horses have reduced insulin sensitivity and that both glycemic and insulinemic responses are altered with feed processing techniques. Thermal processing produces the greatest response; however, a low glycemic response may not be desirable if starch escapes into the hindgut.

Journal

Journal of Equine Veterinary ScienceElsevier

Published: May 1, 2010

References

  • Glycemic index of a meal fed before exercise alters substrate use and glucose flux in exercising horses
    Jose-Cunilleras, E.; Hinchcliff, K.W.; Sams, R.A.; Devor, S.T.; Linderman, J.K.
  • The effect of age and diet on the oral glucose tolerance test in ponies
    Murphy, D.; Reid, S.W.J.; Love, S.
  • The effects of feed form on consumption time and glucose and insulin response to a concentrate meal in equine
    Gordon, M.E.; Jerina, M.L.; Raub, R.H.; Davison, K.E.; Young, J.K.
  • Insulin and glucose regulation
    Ralston, S.L.
  • Glycemic index of ten common horse feeds
    Rodiek, A.V.; Stull, C.L.

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