Parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with increased infectious risks due to impaired intestinal immunity. Although glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) enhances the gut barrier function, it is uncertain whether it improves mucosal immunologic barrier function. We hypothesized that injecting the PN mouse model with GLP-2 improved innate and acquired immunity, and prevented bacterial translocation. Forty-eight hours after venous cannulation, male Institute of Cancer Research mice were randomly divided into 3 groups based on their diet: chow with saline (n = 10), PN (n = 9), or PN + GLP-2 (30 μg bid per mouse, n = 10) provided for 5 days. Compared with chow, PN reduced interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 levels (P < .05, respectively), whereas, compared with PN alone, GLP-2 injection increased IL-4 and IL-13 levels (P < .05, respectively). Compared with chow, PN considerably suppressed, whereas GLP-2 improved, secretory phospholipase A2 and cryptdin-4 expression. PN, compared with chow, considerably decreased lysozyme and polymeric immunoglobulin receptor levels, whereas, compared with PN, GLP-2 significantly increased these protein levels (P < .01, respectively). In tissue and luminal samples, compared with chow, PN reduced secretory immunoglobulin A levels (P < .05), whereas, compared with PN alone, GLP-2 increased secretory immunoglobulin A levels (P < .05). Functionally, more bacterial translocation was observed in the PN group compared with the chow group (P < .001), and GLP-2 injection decreased bacterial translocation to chow levels (P < .05). In summary, GLP-2 treatment may improve intestinal innate and acquired immunity, and prevent bacterial translocation in mice on total parenteral nutrition.
Nutrition Research – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera