Although ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common, highly heritable arthropathy, the precise genetic mechanism underlying the disease remains elusive. Here, we investigate the disease-causing mutations in a large AS family with distinguished complexity, consisting of 23 patients covering four generations and exhibiting a mixed HLA-B27 (+) and (−) status. Linkage analysis with 32 members using three methods and whole-exome sequencing analysis with three HLA-B27 (+) patients, one HLA-B27 (−) patient, and one healthy individual did not identify a mutation common to all of the patients, strongly suggesting the existence of genetic heterogeneity in this large pedigree. However, if only B27-positive patients were analyzed, the linkage analysis located a 22-Mb region harboring the HLA gene cluster in chromosome 6 (LOD = 4.2), and the subsequent exome analysis identified two non-synonymous mutations in the TREML2 and IP6K3 genes. These genes were resequenced among 370 sporadic AS patients and 487 healthy individuals. A significantly higher mutation frequency of TREML2 was observed in AS patients (1.51% versus 0.21%). The results obtained for the AS pedigree and sporadic patients suggest that mutation of TREML2 is a major factor leading to AS for HLA-B27 (+) members in this large family and that TREML2 is also a susceptibility gene promoting the development of ankylosing spondylitis in HLA-B27 (+) individuals.
Gene – Elsevier
Published: Aug 20, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera