Applied Energy 211 (2018) 461–478 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Fuel economy in gasoline engines using Al O /TiO nanomaterials as 2 3 2 nanolubricant additives a,b,c a,b d,f Mohamed Kamal Ahmed Ali , Peng Fuming , Hussein A. Younus , a,b,c e a,b,c a,b, Mohamed A.A. Abdelkareem , F.A. Essa , Ahmed Elagouz , Hou Xianjun Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Automotive Components Technology, Wuhan 430070, China Automotive and Tractors Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, El-Minia 61111, Egypt Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum 63514, Egypt Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China HIGHLIGHTS GR APHICAL A BSTRACT Fuel economy is improved by Al O / 2 3 TiO nanolubricants strategy under NEDC. The vehicle fuel consumption during NEDC was reduced by 4 L/100 km. The engine brake power and engine torque improved during urban and motorway. Total frictional power losses of gaso- line engine were reduced by 5–7%. The mechanical
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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