In this study, an arc-shaped crack between a homogeneous superconducting cylinder and its functionally graded coating is investigated subjected to transport currents. The extended generalized Irie-Yamafuji critical state model in the coating is put forward. The distributions of both current and flux densities in the superconducting composite are presented for the processes of both transport current ascent and descent. The stress intensity factors and energy release rates at crack tips are further given in concise forms and numerically calculated by solving a system of linear algebra equations. It is found that for the present crack model, crack easily propagates and grows with transport current ascent, and that in the process of transport current descent, crack generally does not propagate. According to the maximum energy release rate criterion, the bigger the crack opening angle is, the easier the crack propagates. Also, either increasing the shear modulus graded index of the superconducting coating or decreasing the introduced critical state model parameters can impede crack propagation and growth. The present study should be helpful to design and application of superconducting composites.
Composite Structures – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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