Fluid shear stress suppresses ICAM-1-mediated transendothelial migration of leukocytes in coculture model

Fluid shear stress suppresses ICAM-1-mediated transendothelial migration of leukocytes in... The adhesion and migration of leukocytes to arterial endothelial cells (ECs), one of the indicators of early atherogenesis, is believed to be correlated with the blood flow conditions and interactions between vascular cells including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In this study, we investigated the effect of fluid shear stress on the transendothelial migration of leukocytes in a coculture model (CM) composed of human umbilical ECs and SMCs, a layer of collagen type I, and a porous membrane. Following exposure to a fluid shear stress of 1.5 Pa for 24 h, human mononuclear leukocytes were seeded on the EC surface and cultured for 1 h. Leukocytes migrating across the EC layer were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The number of migrating leukocytes in the statically cultured CM was significantly larger than that in the static EC monoculture model. The exposure to the shear stress significantly decreased the leukocyte migration induced by the coculture condition. In the static CM, fluorescence staining and Western blotting showed a higher expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) of ECs. These results indicate that SMC-derived bioactive soluble factors may stimulate the ICAM-1 expression of cocultured ECs, possibly leading to leukocyte migration into the subendothelial space. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Elsevier

Fluid shear stress suppresses ICAM-1-mediated transendothelial migration of leukocytes in coculture model

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/fluid-shear-stress-suppresses-icam-1-mediated-transendothelial-3emtb35XW2
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0006-291x
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.05.182
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The adhesion and migration of leukocytes to arterial endothelial cells (ECs), one of the indicators of early atherogenesis, is believed to be correlated with the blood flow conditions and interactions between vascular cells including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In this study, we investigated the effect of fluid shear stress on the transendothelial migration of leukocytes in a coculture model (CM) composed of human umbilical ECs and SMCs, a layer of collagen type I, and a porous membrane. Following exposure to a fluid shear stress of 1.5 Pa for 24 h, human mononuclear leukocytes were seeded on the EC surface and cultured for 1 h. Leukocytes migrating across the EC layer were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The number of migrating leukocytes in the statically cultured CM was significantly larger than that in the static EC monoculture model. The exposure to the shear stress significantly decreased the leukocyte migration induced by the coculture condition. In the static CM, fluorescence staining and Western blotting showed a higher expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) of ECs. These results indicate that SMC-derived bioactive soluble factors may stimulate the ICAM-1 expression of cocultured ECs, possibly leading to leukocyte migration into the subendothelial space.

Journal

Biochemical and Biophysical Research CommunicationsElsevier

Published: Jul 20, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off