The adhesion and migration of leukocytes to arterial endothelial cells (ECs), one of the indicators of early atherogenesis, is believed to be correlated with the blood flow conditions and interactions between vascular cells including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In this study, we investigated the effect of fluid shear stress on the transendothelial migration of leukocytes in a coculture model (CM) composed of human umbilical ECs and SMCs, a layer of collagen type I, and a porous membrane. Following exposure to a fluid shear stress of 1.5 Pa for 24 h, human mononuclear leukocytes were seeded on the EC surface and cultured for 1 h. Leukocytes migrating across the EC layer were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The number of migrating leukocytes in the statically cultured CM was significantly larger than that in the static EC monoculture model. The exposure to the shear stress significantly decreased the leukocyte migration induced by the coculture condition. In the static CM, fluorescence staining and Western blotting showed a higher expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) of ECs. These results indicate that SMC-derived bioactive soluble factors may stimulate the ICAM-1 expression of cocultured ECs, possibly leading to leukocyte migration into the subendothelial space.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Jul 20, 2018
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