Fish species identification in canned tuna by PCR-SSCP: validation by a collaborative study and investigation of intra-species variability of the DNA-patterns

Fish species identification in canned tuna by PCR-SSCP: validation by a collaborative study and... Analysis of single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) of an amplicon (123 bp) obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene was used to identify the fish species in canned tuna. Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and visualised by silver staining. The reliability of the method was tested by a collaborative study in which eight European laboratories participated. Seven unknown samples (five from individual species and two mixtures of two tuna species) of canned tuna had to be identified by comparison with reference material. From a total of 72 cases, 65 (90.3%) were assigned correctly. Intra-species variability of SSCIP patterns was found in the case of Katsuwonus pelamis and Sarda sarda . As specimens from various fishing grounds gave two or three different patterns of ssDNA, the possibility of some variability of the DNA patterns has to be considered in SSCP analysis of these species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Food Chemistry Elsevier

Fish species identification in canned tuna by PCR-SSCP: validation by a collaborative study and investigation of intra-species variability of the DNA-patterns

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0308-8146
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00125-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Analysis of single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) of an amplicon (123 bp) obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene was used to identify the fish species in canned tuna. Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and visualised by silver staining. The reliability of the method was tested by a collaborative study in which eight European laboratories participated. Seven unknown samples (five from individual species and two mixtures of two tuna species) of canned tuna had to be identified by comparison with reference material. From a total of 72 cases, 65 (90.3%) were assigned correctly. Intra-species variability of SSCIP patterns was found in the case of Katsuwonus pelamis and Sarda sarda . As specimens from various fishing grounds gave two or three different patterns of ssDNA, the possibility of some variability of the DNA patterns has to be considered in SSCP analysis of these species.

Journal

Food ChemistryElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 1999

References

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