Factors associated with dropout in a group cognitive behaviour therapy for mood disorders

Factors associated with dropout in a group cognitive behaviour therapy for mood disorders The high prevalence of premature attrition from psychotherapy is a phenomenon which has been well recognized in the psychological literature. The pressing concern that a number of clients may not be benefiting from treatment because they are dropping out has led to a plethora of research in the area of individual psychotherapy. No studies, however, have attempted to investigate the characteristics of dropout in group cognitive behaviour therapy for depression. To address this gap in research, the present study examined the factors associated with dropout in a group cognitive behaviour therapy for depression, using 131 S s who went through the group therapy for 12 weeks. The results showed that sociodemographic measures (e.g. age) and measures of depressive symptoms (e.g. depression scores) did not discriminate dropouts from completers. An investigation of patterns of mood changes in the course of the therapy also failed to find significant differences between the dropouts and completers. However, weekly therapist rating of client participation revealed that dropouts participated significantly less than completers during the therapy sessions. The results are discussed in light of the findings of current literature and future research in premature attrition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Research and Therapy Elsevier

Factors associated with dropout in a group cognitive behaviour therapy for mood disorders

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0005-7967
eISSN
1873-622X
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0005-7967(97)00060-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The high prevalence of premature attrition from psychotherapy is a phenomenon which has been well recognized in the psychological literature. The pressing concern that a number of clients may not be benefiting from treatment because they are dropping out has led to a plethora of research in the area of individual psychotherapy. No studies, however, have attempted to investigate the characteristics of dropout in group cognitive behaviour therapy for depression. To address this gap in research, the present study examined the factors associated with dropout in a group cognitive behaviour therapy for depression, using 131 S s who went through the group therapy for 12 weeks. The results showed that sociodemographic measures (e.g. age) and measures of depressive symptoms (e.g. depression scores) did not discriminate dropouts from completers. An investigation of patterns of mood changes in the course of the therapy also failed to find significant differences between the dropouts and completers. However, weekly therapist rating of client participation revealed that dropouts participated significantly less than completers during the therapy sessions. The results are discussed in light of the findings of current literature and future research in premature attrition.

Journal

Behaviour Research and TherapyElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 1997

References

  • Internal consistencies of the original and revised Beck Depression Inventory
    Beck, A.T.; Steer, R.A.
  • Do cognitive behaviour therapies validate cognitive models of mood disorders?
    Oei, T.P.S.; Free, M.L.
  • Specific & nonspecific factors in psychotherapy: A case of cognitive therapy for depression
    Oei, T.P.S.; Shuttlewood, G.J.
  • Improvement in clients who have given different reasons for dropping out of treatment
    Pekarik, G.

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