Article history: The In S nano-ﬂower ﬁlms on TiO /FTO (Fluorine-doped tin oxide) substrates were synthesized via 2 3 2 Received 8 December 2015 hydrothermal method and the photoelectrochemical performances of In S /TiO photoelectrodes were 2 3 2 Received in revised form 1 February 2016 characterized. The roles of PSS (poly(sodium-p-styrenesul-fonate)) and PEG (polyethylene glycol) on the Accepted 4 February 2016 structure controlling of In S ﬁlms were also discussed. The results show that the In S nano-ﬂower ﬁlms 2 3 2 3 Available online 17 February 2016 consisted of ultrathin nanoﬂakes with a thickness of 5 nm are successfully grew on the surface of TiO nanorod arrays. PEG could play a role as the morphology-directing agent by conﬁning crystal growth in Keywords: certain directions, while PSS could provide coordination sites with long chains and lead to the forma- In S nano-ﬂower 2 3 tion of spherical structure. The energy conversion efﬁciency of In S nano-ﬂower/TiO photoelectrodes 2 3 2 Morphology-directing agent enhances thrice compared with that of bare TiO photoelectrode. This research presents further insight Energy conversion efﬁciency for improving the efﬁciency of semiconductors by using the suitable electron transfer channels, which Hydrothermal method Crystal growth may
Applied Surface Science – Elsevier
Published: Apr 30, 2016
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