In this paper, using data from dense seismic observations in and around the seismic belt of the San'in district, Japan, we describe our analysis of focal mechanisms of stationary seismic activity, estimated stress states, and pore fluid pressures. We found these focal mechanisms to be described by the estimated stress field, suggesting that the stress field can be treated as uniform in each sub-region of the study area. We also found that events occurred even on unfavorably oriented fault planes with small shear stress. Further, we inferred that pore fluid pressures of approximately 20% of the faults analyzed are greater than the magnitude of minimum principal stress, when we assume μ=0.6. A possible explanation is localized high pore fluid pressure anomalies; another is the coefficient of friction of at least a part of faults analyzed in the study area being substantially smaller than 0.6, which we view as more plausible, since it is difficult to maintain pore fluid pressures higher than the magnitude of minimum principal stress for long periods of time.
Tectonophysics – Elsevier
Published: Jan 16, 2018
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