Fuel 180 (2016) 668–678 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Fuel journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/fuel Full Length Article Extraction, characterization, puriﬁcation and catalytic upgrading of algae lipids to fuel-like hydrocarbons a a a a a Eduardo Santillan-Jimenez , Robert Pace , Sarah Marques , Tonya Morgan , Courtney McKelphin , a,b a,b,⇑ Justin Mobley , Mark Crocker Center for Applied Energy Research, University of Kentucky, 2540 Research Park Drive, Lexington, KY 40511, USA Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA highlights graphical a bstract Lipids were extracted from algae Flue gas Raw algae Crude algae oil Purified algae oil Fuel-like hydrocarbons grown with ﬂue gas from a coal-ﬁred power plant. Extracted lipids were puriﬁed via column chromatography using low- cost adsorbents. Puriﬁed lipids were catalytically deoxygenated to afford fuel-like hydrocarbons. Catalyst deactivation due to polyunsaturated lipids in the feed was observed at 260 C. Algae Lipid extraction Lipid purification Lipid upgrading Drop-in biofuels Upgrading at 300 C resulted in increased catalyst stability and diesel Protein, phospholipids, etc. Chlorophyll CO & propane yields >75%. ar ti c l e i nf o ab stra ct Article history: The extraction, characterization, puriﬁcation and upgrading of algal lipids was examined, utilizing
Fuel – Elsevier
Published: Sep 15, 2016
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