Expression profiles of stemness genes in gastrointestinal stromal tumor

Expression profiles of stemness genes in gastrointestinal stromal tumor Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is believed to originate from intestinal cells of Cajal or their stem cell precursors, and expresses stemness-related markers, such as CD117, CD34, DOG1 and nestin. To further characterize phenotypic features of GISTs, we examined expression profiles of a panel of stemness genes in GISTs, by analyzing existing gene expression profiling datasets. Our results showed that mRNA levels of B-lymphoma moloney murine leukaemia virus insertion region-1 (BMI1), kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), sal-like protein 4 (SALL4) and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) were significantly unregulated in GISTs. Subsequently, protein expression of BMI1 and TERT was identified in GIST specimens by immunohistochemistry. Especially, we found that high expression of nuclear BMI1 was associated with large tumor size (P = .0239), high mitotic count (P < .01), high Ki-67 index (P = .0357), advanced National Institute of Health (NIH) criteria (P = .0025) and advanced World Health Organization (WHO) classification (P < .01) in GISTs. Functional and pathway enrichment analysis showed that most of BMI1’s coexpressed genes were involved in tumor growth-related process, such as regulation of cell cycle and proliferation. Furthermore, we confirmed RAS oncogene family (RAB18) and limb development membrane protein 1 (LMBR1) genes as novel targets for BMI1 in GIST cells. These results provide valuable information for the expression profiles of stemness genes in GISTs, and identified nuclear BMI1 as an important marker of GIST cell proliferation and progression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Pathology Elsevier

Expression profiles of stemness genes in gastrointestinal stromal tumor

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/expression-profiles-of-stemness-genes-in-gastrointestinal-stromal-L37HF1HJ07
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0046-8177
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.humpath.2018.02.015
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is believed to originate from intestinal cells of Cajal or their stem cell precursors, and expresses stemness-related markers, such as CD117, CD34, DOG1 and nestin. To further characterize phenotypic features of GISTs, we examined expression profiles of a panel of stemness genes in GISTs, by analyzing existing gene expression profiling datasets. Our results showed that mRNA levels of B-lymphoma moloney murine leukaemia virus insertion region-1 (BMI1), kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), sal-like protein 4 (SALL4) and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) were significantly unregulated in GISTs. Subsequently, protein expression of BMI1 and TERT was identified in GIST specimens by immunohistochemistry. Especially, we found that high expression of nuclear BMI1 was associated with large tumor size (P = .0239), high mitotic count (P < .01), high Ki-67 index (P = .0357), advanced National Institute of Health (NIH) criteria (P = .0025) and advanced World Health Organization (WHO) classification (P < .01) in GISTs. Functional and pathway enrichment analysis showed that most of BMI1’s coexpressed genes were involved in tumor growth-related process, such as regulation of cell cycle and proliferation. Furthermore, we confirmed RAS oncogene family (RAB18) and limb development membrane protein 1 (LMBR1) genes as novel targets for BMI1 in GIST cells. These results provide valuable information for the expression profiles of stemness genes in GISTs, and identified nuclear BMI1 as an important marker of GIST cell proliferation and progression.

Journal

Human PathologyElsevier

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off