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Expression of a Pho85 cyclin-dependent kinase is repressed during the dimorphic transition in Sporothrix schenckii

Sporothrix schenckii is a pathogenic fungus that undergoes a dimorphic transition from yeast to mycelium in response to environmental conditions such as cell density, temperature, and calcium. We identified a homolog of the Pho85 cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) that mediates cellular responses to environmental conditions in other organisms. By Western blot, three proteins containing the PSTAIRE motif, which characterize the cyclin-dependent protein kinases, were identified in S. schenckii . The gene encoding a Pho85 homolog, PhoSs, was identified and sequenced. The phoSs gene consists of 990 bp, contains one intron, and encodes a protein of 306 amino acids. The S. schenckii Pho85 homolog shares features with Cdks, including the PSTAIRE motif, an ATP binding domain, and a serine–threonine kinase domain. By quantitative competitive RT-PCR, expression of the phoSs gene was found to decrease 30-fold during the yeast to mycelium transition. The addition of extracellular calcium accelerated the dimorphic transition and restored phoSs expression. These findings suggest PhoSs may participate in the control of the yeast to mycelium transition in S. schenckii . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Fungal Genetics and Biology Elsevier
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