The adamalysins are involved in proteolysis, adhesion, fusion, and intracellular signaling. Human ADAM19/adamalysin-19 ( A d isintegrin a nd m etalloproteinase 19) was identified from primary dendritic cell cDNA libraries. It has a signal sequence, a pro-domain with a “cysteine-switch” residue, a metalloproteinase domain with a zinc-binding site, a disintegrin, a cysteine-rich domain, an epidermal-growth-factor-like domain, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain with putative SH3 ligand binding sites. Its mRNA was expressed in the placenta, heart, bladder, lymph nodes, and leukocytes, colorectal adenocarcinoma SW 480, and other organs/cells. The hADAM19 recombinant protein was expressed in human cells. It formed a complex with and cleaved alpha-2 macroglobulin (α2-M). Its proteolytic activity was blocked by 1,10-phenanthroline, EDTA, EGTA, and a synthetic matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor and not by the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases TIMP-1 and TIMP-2. It did not cleave the MMP substrates tested, e.g., type I collagen and gelatin, casein, and four peptide substrates. Thus, hADAM19 is an active metalloproteinase and may have a specific substrate profile.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Jan 26, 2001
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