Prostate cancer (PC) is a major cause of cancer-related male death in worldwide and the identification of new and improved potent anti-PC molecules is constantly required. A novel scaffold of tetrahydroisoquinoline thiohydantoin was rationally designed based on the enzalutamide structures and our pre-work, leading to the discovery of a series of new antiproliferative compounds. Several new analogues displayed improved androgen receptor (AR) antagonistic activity, while maintaining the higher selective toxicity toward LNCaP cells (AR-rich) versus DU145 cells (AR-deficient) compared to enzalutamide. In fact, compound 55 exhibited promising in vitro antitumor activity by impairing AR unclear translocation. More importantly, 55 showed better pharmacokinetic properties compared to the compound 1 reported in our pre-work. These results demonstrate a step towards the development of novel and improved AR antagonists.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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