Gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-9 and MMP-2, was studied by quantitative zymography in a rabbit model of bacterial meningitis during 24 h after inoculation with Streptococcus pneumoniae . In cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), MMP-2 was constitutively present and its level did not change during the experiment. In contrast, MMP-9, hardly detectable in CSF of healthy animals, increased dramatically. The increase of MMP-9 was correlated with both, an increase of CSF cell count and of total protein concentration. Intrathecal production of MMP-9 and MMP-2 was demonstrated by zymography of equal amounts of total protein from CSF and serum. Homogenates, prepared from various cortical regions of infected rabbits did not show increase of MMP activities. On the other hand, leucocytes isolated from CSF expressed high levels of MMP-9 suggesting a significant contribution of these cells to the elevation of MMP-9 activity in this body fluid.
Neuroscience Letters – Elsevier
Published: Nov 13, 1998
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