International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 124 (2018) 742–751 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ijhmt Experimental investigation of thermal conductivity of nanoﬂuids containing of hybrid nanoparticles suspended in binary base ﬂuids and propose a new correlation Amir Kakavandi, Mohammad Akbari Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran ar ti c l e i nf o ab stra ct Article history: In this experimental study, preparation, stability and thermal conductivity of the MWCNTs-SiC/Water-EG Received 28 December 2017 hybrid nanoﬂuid were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) Received in revised form 18 March 2018 methods were used to characterize the nanoparticles. Nanoﬂuid stability was monitored by DLS test. Accepted 28 March 2018 According to the DLS results, the nanoﬂuid contained nanoparticles. The thermal conductivity of the Available online 6 April 2018 hybrid nanoﬂuid was measured using the KD2-Pro thermal analyzer and the KS-1 sensor at a tempera- ture range of 25–50 C and a solid volume fraction range of 0–0.75%. According to the results, the thermal Keywords: conductivity of the nanoﬂuid increased further at higher concentrations of the nanoparticles. Therefore, Hybrid nanoﬂuid the effect
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