A new experimental setup is developed to investigate the transverse mechanical properties of Kevlar ® KM2 fibers, which has been widely used in ballistic impact applications. Experimental results for large deformation reveal that the Kevlar ® KM2 fibers possess nonlinear, pseudo-elastic transverse mechanical properties. A phenomenon similar to the Mullins effect (stress softening) in rubbers exists for the Kevlar ® KM2 fibers. Large transverse deformation does not significantly reduce the longitudinal tensile load-bearing capacity of the fibers. In addition, longitudinal tensile loads stiffen the fibers' transverse nominal stress–strain behaviors at large transverse deformation. Loading rates have insignificant effects on their transverse mechanical properties even in the finite deformation range. An analytical relationship between transverse compressive force and displacement is derived at infinitesimal strain level. This relation is used to estimate the transverse elastic modulus of the Kevlar ® KM2 fibers, which is 1.34 ± 0.35 GPa.
International Journal of Solids and Structures – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 2004
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