This paper focuses on the experimental characterization and modeling of the impact behavior of a multi-functional dual core sandwich panel designed for the rehabilitation of hydroelectric turbines. The studied sandwich panel consists of glass fiber reinforced epoxy (GFRE) facesheets and a dual core composed both of alumina trihydrate-filled epoxy (ATH/epoxy) and extruded polystyrene foam (XPS). Low-velocity impact tests are conducted at different impact energies to take into account the presence of debris in the water flow. A 3D numerical model is developed to simulate the impact tests and particularly the energy distribution within the sandwich constituents. A good correlation is achieved between the experimental data and numerical predictions. The dual core sandwich construction placed on a rigid foundation undergoes both local and global deformation under impact loading. The experimental results show that for the tested impact energy range, the sandwich panel absorbs approximately 50% of the impact energy. Although the top facesheet and the ATH/epoxy core govern the initial impact behavior, the recoverable compression deformation of the XPS foam core is the major energy absorption mechanism. This statement is well supported by the numerical simulation.
Composite Structures – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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