Traditional epidemiologic studies of insomnia provide valid but fairly rudimentary information regarding the presence, frequency, duration and evolution of sleep problems. Standardized tools such as validated questionnaires (e.g., Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and sleep logs) help assess the presence and severity of sleep problems, while other methods (e.g., SLEEP L system) address insomnia diagnoses. Other instruments (e.g., Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID), Short-Form 36 (SF-36), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)) provide insights into insomnia consequences and co-morbidities. Sleep laboratory studies using polysomnography (PSG) have also provided useful findings (e.g., relating to sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness) in experimental and population-based patient samples containing subgroups enriched for certain variables under investigation. These methods have significantly increased our knowledge about insomnia. Critically, longitudinal studies are needed to further our understanding of the pathophysiology and morbidity of insomnia, defining roles for risk factors, hyperarousal and co-morbidities and the effects of treatment in long-term disease progression. This review summarizes the current available data on the evolution of insomnia and proposes a model that warrants further research attention and discussion.
Sleep Medicine – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera