Fine particle (PM2.5)-related lung damage has been reported in most studies regarding environmental or personal PM2.5 concentrations. To assess effects of personal PM2.5 exposures on lung function, we recruited 20 postgraduate students and estimated the individual doses of inhaled PM2.5 based on their microenvironmetal PM2.5 concentrations, time-activity patterns and refereed inhalation rates. During the period of seven consecutive days in each of the four seasons, we repeatedly measured the daily lung function parameters and airway inflammation makers such as fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) as well as systemic inflammation markers including interleukin-1β on the final day. The high individual dose (median (IQR)) of inhaled PM2.5 was 957 (948) μg/day. We observed a maximum FeNO increase (9.1% (95%CI: 2.2–15.5)) at lag 0 day, a maximum decrease of maximum voluntary ventilation (11.8% (95% CI: 4.6–19.0)) at lag 5 day and a maximum interleukin-1β increase (103% (95% CI: 47–159)) at lag 2 day for an interquartile range increase in the individual dose of inhaled PM2.5 during the four seasons. Short-term exposure to PM2.5 assessed by the individual dose of inhaled PM2.5 was associated with higher airway and systemic inflammation and reduced lung function. Further studies are needed to understand better underlying mechanisms of lung damage following acute exposure to PM2.5.
Environmental Pollution – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera