1 Introduction</h5> In the wake of today’s environmental concerns and limited fossil fuel resources, biodiesel has stepped up to be a viable solution to both problems. Biodiesel can be obtained via transesterification of triglycerides or esterification of free fatty acids (FFAs), where these reactions require the presence of alcohol to produce fatty acid alkyl esters (FAAEs)  . Triglycerides occur naturally in vegetable oils and animal fats, thus reducing the dependency on fossil fuel for energy. Some biodiesel properties are even superior to petroleum diesel. Its higher flashpoint ensures safety of biodiesel during transportation or distribution, while higher cetane number indicates that biodiesel has a higher combustion efficiency  . Generally, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and sulfur oxides are reduced for exhaust emissions from biodiesel combustion  . The reductions are beneficial for the environment, especially carbon dioxide as it is one of the main greenhouse gases that contributes to global warming phenomena.</P>Different range of materials can be used for biodiesel synthesis. These include vegetable oils such as soybean, rapeseed, canola, and palm  . In order to avoid competition with food sector, non-edible sources are utilized. Examples of these types of feedstock are waste
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2014
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera