Energy efficiency of membrane distillation up to high salinity: Evaluating critical system size and optimal membrane thickness

Energy efficiency of membrane distillation up to high salinity: Evaluating critical system size... Applied Energy 211 (2018) 715–734 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Energy efficiency of membrane distillation up to high salinity: Evaluating critical system size and optimal membrane thickness Jaichander Swaminathan, Hyung Won Chung, David M. Warsinger, John H. Lienhard V Rohsenow Kendall Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA HIGHLIGHTS GR APHICAL A BSTRACT Heat transfer resistances of HX and gap fix relative performance of DCMD and PGMD. DCMD/CGMD with a thick membrane is resistant to high salinity, similar to AGMD. Method to simultaneously determine cost-optimal membrane thickness and area. Dimensionless framework gives gen- eralizable results across all MD de- signs. Derived maximum allowable mem- brane area per feed flow rate for high salinity MD. ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: This study presents a comprehensive analytical framework to design efficient single-stage membrane distillation Membrane distillation (MD) systems for the desalination of feed streams up to high salinity. MD performance is quantified in terms of High salinity energy efficiency (represented as a gained output ratio, or GOR) and vapor flux, both of which together affect the Energy efficiency specific cost of pure water production. Irrespective of the feed http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Energy Elsevier

Energy efficiency of membrane distillation up to high salinity: Evaluating critical system size and optimal membrane thickness

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0306-2619
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.11.043
Publisher site
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Abstract

Applied Energy 211 (2018) 715–734 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Energy efficiency of membrane distillation up to high salinity: Evaluating critical system size and optimal membrane thickness Jaichander Swaminathan, Hyung Won Chung, David M. Warsinger, John H. Lienhard V Rohsenow Kendall Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA HIGHLIGHTS GR APHICAL A BSTRACT Heat transfer resistances of HX and gap fix relative performance of DCMD and PGMD. DCMD/CGMD with a thick membrane is resistant to high salinity, similar to AGMD. Method to simultaneously determine cost-optimal membrane thickness and area. Dimensionless framework gives gen- eralizable results across all MD de- signs. Derived maximum allowable mem- brane area per feed flow rate for high salinity MD. ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: This study presents a comprehensive analytical framework to design efficient single-stage membrane distillation Membrane distillation (MD) systems for the desalination of feed streams up to high salinity. MD performance is quantified in terms of High salinity energy efficiency (represented as a gained output ratio, or GOR) and vapor flux, both of which together affect the Energy efficiency specific cost of pure water production. Irrespective of the feed

Journal

Applied EnergyElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2018

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