Endotoxin has been recently shown to reduce plasma insulin-like growth factor I. As it was reported that histamine can induce gut-derived endotoxemia, we wanted to determine whether histamine has a similar effect on plasma insulin-like growth factor I. Compound 48/80 (a histamine releaser) was injected subcutaneously into rats, then blood was taken for plasma insulin-like growth factor I assay and the livers were assayed for insulin-like growth factor I mRNA. Like endotoxin, injection of compound 48/80 significantly reduced plasma insulin-like growth factor I. Six hours post-injection, plasma insulin-like growth factor I was reduced by 61% ( P <0.001), and 24 h post-injection, it was still lower (by 35% P <0.001) than in the control group. Hepatic insulin-like growth factor I mRNA was not reduced by this treatment. The effect of compound 48/80 on plasma insulin-like growth factor I was significantly attenuated by oral administration of the histamine H 1 receptor antagonist (chlorpheniramine), but not by the histamine H 2 receptor antagonists (cimetidine and ranitidine). Oral administration of polymyxin B (an antiendotoxin antibiotic) did not attenuate the effect of compound 48/80 on plasma insulin-like growth factor I at all. In conclusion, endogenous histamine reduces plasma insulin-like growth factor I via H 1 receptor-mediated pathway. Our study suggests a novel role of histamine in the regulation of insulin-like growth factor I metabolism in vivo.
European Journal of Pharmacology – Elsevier
Published: Jun 25, 1999
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