The role of enabling industrial symbiosis can be played by a Facilities Management (FM) provider, when it embraces a district-oriented FM approach. This consists on moving from traditional solutions for single enterprises to technical solutions specifically designed for clusters of firms. As an economic actor, a FM provider naturally pursuits profitability of its services/products, and this has been highlighted by literature as a necessary condition for successful evolution towards industrial symbiosis. An optimization model has been developed as a decision support tool for a FM provider when configuring energy-based kernels of industrial symbiosis. It is applied to a case study in North-Eastern Italy to analyze feasibility of a combined heat and power system with district heating serving a cluster of firms, where different services (heating and cooling) and renewable technologies are considered in system design, and additional concentrating solar unit explicitly introduced as an option.
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 2012
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