Human fetuin A (HFA) plays a prominent pathophysiological role in numerous diseases and pathophysiological conditions with considerable biomedical significance; one example is the formation of calciprotein particles in osteoporosis and impaired calcium metabolisms. With impressive advances in in vitro diagnostic assays during the last decade, ELISAs have become a workhorse in routine clinical diagnostics. Recent diagnostic formats involve high-sensitivity immunoassay procedures, surface plasmon resonance, rapid immunoassay chemistries, signal enhancement, and smartphone detection. The current trend is toward fully integrated lab-on-chip platforms with smartphone readouts, enabling health-care practitioners and even patients to monitor pathological changes in biomarker levels. This review provides a critical analysis of advances made in HFA assays along with the challenges and future prospects.
Trends in Biotechnology – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2017
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