Electrosprayed octenyl succinic anhydride starch capsules for rosemary essential oil encapsulation

Electrosprayed octenyl succinic anhydride starch capsules for rosemary essential oil encapsulation Octenyl succinic anhydride starch (OSA-starch) is often used as an emulsifier to protect bioactive compounds such as essential oils. In this study, rosemary essential oil was encapsulated in OSA-starch capsules via electrospraying an emulsion. Creaming was observed in the emulsions with 40% ethanol (v/v) 2 h after preparation, and phase separation occurred after 4 days. The emulsion with 20% ethanol revealed smaller droplets and lower zeta potential, and remained stable for 7 days. The morphology, loading capacity (LC), and encapsulation efficiency (EE) of the capsules, electrosprayed from the emulsions, were evaluated. The capsules from 20 and 30% aqueous ethanol (v/v) were smooth and spherical in shape with few dimpled. EE values were higher in the emulsions with 20% ethanol (82%–98%) when compared to those with 30% ethanol (89%–96%), except when 30% oil content was used. Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry suggested interaction of essential oil with the wall material. In summary, OSA-starch produced a stable emulsion that was suitable for electrospraying into capsules. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Biological Macromolecules Elsevier

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0141-8130
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.03.203
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Octenyl succinic anhydride starch (OSA-starch) is often used as an emulsifier to protect bioactive compounds such as essential oils. In this study, rosemary essential oil was encapsulated in OSA-starch capsules via electrospraying an emulsion. Creaming was observed in the emulsions with 40% ethanol (v/v) 2 h after preparation, and phase separation occurred after 4 days. The emulsion with 20% ethanol revealed smaller droplets and lower zeta potential, and remained stable for 7 days. The morphology, loading capacity (LC), and encapsulation efficiency (EE) of the capsules, electrosprayed from the emulsions, were evaluated. The capsules from 20 and 30% aqueous ethanol (v/v) were smooth and spherical in shape with few dimpled. EE values were higher in the emulsions with 20% ethanol (82%–98%) when compared to those with 30% ethanol (89%–96%), except when 30% oil content was used. Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry suggested interaction of essential oil with the wall material. In summary, OSA-starch produced a stable emulsion that was suitable for electrospraying into capsules.

Journal

International Journal of Biological MacromoleculesElsevier

Published: Jul 1, 2019

References

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