The goal of time-resolved crystallographic experiments is to capture dynamic “snapshots” of molecules at different stages of a reaction pathway. In recent work, we have developed approaches to determine determined light-induced conformational changes in the proton pump bacteriorhodopsin by electron crystallographic analysis of two-dimensional protein crystals. For this purpose, crystals of bacteriorhodopsin were deposited on an electron microscopic grid and were plunge-frozen in liquid ethane at a variety of times after illumination. Electron diffraction patterns were recorded either from unilluminated crystals or from crystals frozen as early as 1 ms after illumination and used to construct projection difference Fourier maps at 3.5-Å resolution to define light-driven changes in protein conformation. As demonstrated here, the data are of a sufficiently high quality that structure factors obtained from a single electron diffraction pattern of a plunge-frozen bacteriorhodopsin crystal are adequate to obtain an interpretable difference Fourier map. These difference maps report on the nature and extent of light-induced conformational changes in the photocycle and have provided incisive tools for understanding the molecular mechanism of proton transport by bacteriorhodopsin.
Journal of Structural Biology – Elsevier
Published: Dec 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera