Electroless nickel plating onto Plexiglas® through simple covalent grafting of vinylpyridine seed layer

Electroless nickel plating onto Plexiglas® through simple covalent grafting of vinylpyridine... The development of facile and environment friendly strategies to metallize the surface of insulating polymeric substrates is of paramount important. An acceptable film adhesion with the polymeric substrate usually requires a chemical pretreatment of the polymer surfaces. Here we report a one-step process of covalent grafting of vinylpyridine groups on the surface of commercial Plexiglas® (polymethylmethacrylate) employing diazonium-based aqueous chemistry, without requiring any surface pretreatment step. Prior to the electroless nickel plating, these grafted vinylpyridine groups can be easily activated by simply immersing the substrate into an acidic palladium chloride solution. This results in stable electrostatic interaction between the protonated pyridine functionalities and the palladium complexes. Thanks to the strong attachment to the substrate, this vinylpyridine seed layer also offers excellent adhesion between the Plexiglas® substrate and the electrolessly deposited nickel‑boron film. A sizable patterned Plexiglas® sample has been taken as a model considering its commercial potential and metallized. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is carried out to elucidate the mechanism of surface functionalization with pyridine groups as well as the activation of the grafted vinylpyridine seed layer. Comprehensive characterization of the electrolessly deposited metallic film is then performed by means of SEM, AFM, EDX and XPS techniques. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Materials & design Elsevier

Electroless nickel plating onto Plexiglas® through simple covalent grafting of vinylpyridine seed layer

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0264-1275
eISSN
0141-5530
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.matdes.2018.02.027
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The development of facile and environment friendly strategies to metallize the surface of insulating polymeric substrates is of paramount important. An acceptable film adhesion with the polymeric substrate usually requires a chemical pretreatment of the polymer surfaces. Here we report a one-step process of covalent grafting of vinylpyridine groups on the surface of commercial Plexiglas® (polymethylmethacrylate) employing diazonium-based aqueous chemistry, without requiring any surface pretreatment step. Prior to the electroless nickel plating, these grafted vinylpyridine groups can be easily activated by simply immersing the substrate into an acidic palladium chloride solution. This results in stable electrostatic interaction between the protonated pyridine functionalities and the palladium complexes. Thanks to the strong attachment to the substrate, this vinylpyridine seed layer also offers excellent adhesion between the Plexiglas® substrate and the electrolessly deposited nickel‑boron film. A sizable patterned Plexiglas® sample has been taken as a model considering its commercial potential and metallized. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is carried out to elucidate the mechanism of surface functionalization with pyridine groups as well as the activation of the grafted vinylpyridine seed layer. Comprehensive characterization of the electrolessly deposited metallic film is then performed by means of SEM, AFM, EDX and XPS techniques.

Journal

Materials & designElsevier

Published: Apr 15, 2018

References

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