Influenza is a viral infectious disease considered as a source of many health problems and enormous socioeconomic disruptions. Conventional methods are inadequate for in-field detection of the virus and generally suffer from being laborious and time-consuming. Thus, studies aiming to develop effective alternatives to conventional methods are urgently needed. In this work, we developed an approach for the isolation and detection of influenza A virus subtype H9N2. For this aim, two specific influenza receptors were used. The first, anti-matrix protein 2 (M2) antibody, was attached to iron magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and used for the isolation of the virus from allantoic fluid. The second biomolecule, Fetuin A, was attached to an electrochemical detectable label, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), and used to detect the virus tacking advantage from fetuin-hemagglutinin interaction. The MNP-Influenza virus-AuNP formed complex was isolated and treated by an acid solution then the collected gold nanoparticles were deposited onto a screen printed carbon electrode. AuNPs catalyzes the hydrogen ions reduction in acidic medium while applying an appropriate potential, and the generated current signal was proportional to the virus titer. This approach allows the rapid detection of influenza virus A/H9N2 at a less than 16 HAU titer.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics – Elsevier
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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