Applied Energy 211 (2018) 282–295 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Electric bus ﬂeet size and mix problem with optimization of charging infrastructure a,b, c c a,b,d Matthias Rogge , Evelien van der Hurk , Allan Larsen , Dirk Uwe Sauer Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Jaegerstrasse 17-19, 52066 Aachen, Germany Juelich Aachen Research Alliance, JARA-Energy, Germany DTU Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark Institute for Power Generation and Storage Systems (PGS), E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University, Germany HIGHLIGHTS GR APHICAL A BSTRACT A framework for the cost-eﬃcient planning of battery bus ﬂeets is pro- posed. The approach combines a genetic al- gorithm and mixed-integer-linear- programming. Two electriﬁcation scenarios of European cities are analyzed in a case study. Energy eﬃciency is discussed for two competing battery bus concepts. Operation of lightweight buses en- ables energy savings of about 30%. ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Battery electric buses are seen as a well-suited technology for the electriﬁcation of road-based public transport. Electric bus scheduling However, the transition process from conventional diesel to electric buses faces major hurdles caused by
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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