Clinical and preclinical data suggest that unrestrained secretion of corticoctropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in the CNS produces several signs and symptoms of depression and anxiety disorders through continuous activation of CRH 1 receptors. This led to the development of drugs that selectively antagonize CRH 1 receptors suppressing anxiety-like behavior in rats and also in monkey models of anxiety. These findings led to a clinical development program exploring the antidepressive potential of R121919, a water-soluble pyrrolopyrimidine that binds with high affinity to human CRH 1 receptors and is well absorbed in humans. This compound was administered to 24 patients with a major depressive episode primarily in order to investigate whether its endocrine mode of action compromises the stress-hormone system or whether other safety and tolerability issues exist. The patients were enrolled in two dose-escalation panels: one group ( n =10) where the dose range increased from 5–40 mg and another group ( n =10) where the dose escalated from 40 to 80 mg within 30 days each. Four patients dropped out because of withdrawal of consent to participate (three cases) or worsening of depressive symptomatoloy in one case. We found that R121919 was safe and well tolerated by the patients during the observation period. Moreover, the data suggested that CRH 1 -receptor blockade does not impair the corticotropin and cortisol secretory activity either at baseline or following an exogenous CRH challenge. We also observed significant reductions in depression and anxiety scores using both, patient and clinician ratings. These findings, along with the observed worsening of affective symptomatology after drug discontinuation, suggests that the pharmacological principle of CRH 1 -receptor antagonism has considerable therapeutic potential in the treatment and the prevention of diseases where exaggerated central CRH activity is present at baseline or following stress exposure.
Journal of Psychiatric Research – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2000
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera