Effects of NiO on the conductivity of Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 and on electrochemical properties of the cathode/electrolyte interface

Effects of NiO on the conductivity of Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 and on electrochemical properties of the... Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 (SDC) and Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925−0.5 at.% NiO (SDCN) are investigated as electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Impedance spectroscopy measurements reveal that the grain boundary resistance can be significantly reduced by adding 0.5 at.% NiO to SDC. Symmetric cells of the BaCo0.7Fe0.2Nb0.1O3−δ (BCFN) electrode on SDC and SDCN electrolytes are fabricated and the electrochemical properties of the electrode/electrolyte interface are investigated. The polarization resistance of the BCFN electrode on the SDCN electrolyte is much lower than that of the BCFN electrode on the SDC electrolyte, mainly because of the increase in the electrolyte conductivity and the decrease in the Si content at the electrode/electrolyte interface. NiO is able to restrict the diffusion of the siliceous impurity from the electrolyte to the electrode/electrolyte interface. Single cells based on SDC and SDCN electrolytes are fabricated using Ni0.9Cu0.1Ox-SDC as the anode and BCFN as the cathode. At 800 °C, the maximum power density of the SDCN-based cell is 0.745 W cm−2, which is much higher than that of the SDC-based cell. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Power Sources Elsevier

Effects of NiO on the conductivity of Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 and on electrochemical properties of the cathode/electrolyte interface

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0378-7753
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.074
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925 (SDC) and Ce0.85Sm0.15O1.925−0.5 at.% NiO (SDCN) are investigated as electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Impedance spectroscopy measurements reveal that the grain boundary resistance can be significantly reduced by adding 0.5 at.% NiO to SDC. Symmetric cells of the BaCo0.7Fe0.2Nb0.1O3−δ (BCFN) electrode on SDC and SDCN electrolytes are fabricated and the electrochemical properties of the electrode/electrolyte interface are investigated. The polarization resistance of the BCFN electrode on the SDCN electrolyte is much lower than that of the BCFN electrode on the SDC electrolyte, mainly because of the increase in the electrolyte conductivity and the decrease in the Si content at the electrode/electrolyte interface. NiO is able to restrict the diffusion of the siliceous impurity from the electrolyte to the electrode/electrolyte interface. Single cells based on SDC and SDCN electrolytes are fabricated using Ni0.9Cu0.1Ox-SDC as the anode and BCFN as the cathode. At 800 °C, the maximum power density of the SDCN-based cell is 0.745 W cm−2, which is much higher than that of the SDC-based cell.

Journal

Journal of Power SourcesElsevier

Published: Jul 15, 2016

References

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