Effects of naltrexone on morphine-induced tolerance and physical dependence and changes in cellular immune function in mice

Effects of naltrexone on morphine-induced tolerance and physical dependence and changes in... The effects of naltrexone on tolerance/dependence, as well as alterations in cellular immune function induced by morphine administration, were determined. Mice were rendered tolerant to and physically dependent on morphine by subcutaneous implantation of pellets containing 75 mg of morphine. Implantation of naltrexone pellets (1o mg) blocked the development of tolerance to the analgesic action of morphine, as well as the development of physical dependence. Morphine suppressed lymphoid organ weights and cellularities, and this suppression was blocked by naltrexone. B-Cell proliferation was suppressed in morphine-tolerant but not in morphine-abstinent mice, and this suppression was exacerbated by naltrexone. Morphine tolerance and abstinence were associated with suppression of IL-2 production, which was completely blocked by naltrexone. NK cell activity was not significantly affected by either morphine or naltrexone exposure. The results suggest that the effects of morphine on the immune system are at least partially mediated through opioid receptors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Research Elsevier

Effects of naltrexone on morphine-induced tolerance and physical dependence and changes in cellular immune function in mice

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/effects-of-naltrexone-on-morphine-induced-tolerance-and-physical-GZIaHfJQ20
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0006-8993
DOI
10.1016/0006-8993(95)00612-T
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of naltrexone on tolerance/dependence, as well as alterations in cellular immune function induced by morphine administration, were determined. Mice were rendered tolerant to and physically dependent on morphine by subcutaneous implantation of pellets containing 75 mg of morphine. Implantation of naltrexone pellets (1o mg) blocked the development of tolerance to the analgesic action of morphine, as well as the development of physical dependence. Morphine suppressed lymphoid organ weights and cellularities, and this suppression was blocked by naltrexone. B-Cell proliferation was suppressed in morphine-tolerant but not in morphine-abstinent mice, and this suppression was exacerbated by naltrexone. Morphine tolerance and abstinence were associated with suppression of IL-2 production, which was completely blocked by naltrexone. NK cell activity was not significantly affected by either morphine or naltrexone exposure. The results suggest that the effects of morphine on the immune system are at least partially mediated through opioid receptors.

Journal

Brain ResearchElsevier

Published: Aug 28, 1995

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off