Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 248 (2017) 71–81 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/agee Eﬀects of landscape and habitat quality on Orthoptera assemblages of pre- MARK alpine calcareous grasslands a,b, a,b Franz Löﬄer , Thomas Fartmann Osnabrück University, Department of Biodiversity and Landscape Ecology, Barbarastraße 11, 49076 Osnabrück, Germany Institute of Biodiversity and Landscape Ecology (IBL), Hafenweg 31, 48155 Münster, Germany ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Due to the transition from traditional land use to modern agriculture throughout Europe, semi-natural grasslands Conservation management are subject to severe environmental changes. Both agricultural intensiﬁcation and abandonment have caused Functional connectivity degradation, loss and fragmentation of semi-natural grasslands with adverse eﬀects on biodiversity. Habitat fragmentation We analysed the eﬀects of landscape and habitat quality on Orthoptera in pre-alpine calcareous grasslands of Habitat heterogeneity the Northern Limestone Alps. At the landscape level, we focused on the eﬀects of functional connectivity, patch Land-use change size and habitat heterogeneity on Orthoptera species richness of 13 randomly selected grassland patches. At the Species richness habitat level, we studied the eﬀects of land use on vegetation structure and microclimate as well as on Orthoptera species richness and abundance on 50 randomly chosen
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